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Peripheral Artery Disease, also known as Peripheral Artery Disease or AVED, is an illness where fatty deposits build up along the peripheral arteries, which transport oxygen-rich blood back to the heart. PAD mainly affects the peripheral arteries, which are the largest arteries, usually in the legs. However, it can also affect the large arteries that carry blood from the heart to the arms, kidneys, head, and legs. This condition often results in painful heart attacks and stroke. Symptoms of peripheral artery disease usually occur in people who are more than 60 years of age. The symptoms usually develop gradually, over time, with symptoms such as leg pain, numbness, leg weakness, dizziness, increased pulse rate, and chest pain. Although these symptoms may appear suddenly, they can be triggered by many different things such as exercise, strenuous activity, or sitting for prolonged periods.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor immediately for a diagnosis. There are several treatment options available for this condition. One option is to perform a procedure called endovascular ultrasound, which is done using a probe that is inserted into the blood vessel using the neck. The probe is able to detect any blockages in the vessel, which is subsequently flushed out through the urinary system. Another option is to perform invasive techniques, such as sclerotherapy, or laser peripheral artery surgery.
While some people with peripheral artery disease do not have any symptoms, others have severe Leg Pain even when just walking (Claudication). Claudication symptoms usually include muscle weakness or cramps in the legs or arms, which is triggered by activity, like walking, but usually disappears after a short period of rest. Other symptoms may include numbness, tingling and leg pain, especially in the lower leg. The symptoms usually worsen when moving the legs, or moving the arm. The severity of the symptom also depends on how much circulation in the leg is getting. If left untreated peripheral artery disease can cause major health problems including leg pain, swelling, and in more severe cases, stroke. A stroke can be fatal if not treated promptly. The risk of a ruptured artery is higher in people who are overweight or obese, have high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, or have circulatory conditions like varicose veins. It also tends to occur in younger people who lack physical exercise.
Peripheral Vascular Surgery, also known as peripheral arterial disease (PAFD), is a type of cosmetic surgery designed to remove or modify the existing arteries and veins that supply your limbs with blood. This type of surgery generally entails the removal of a large vessel, such as a career or a balloon catheter, or a small peripheral artery. If these large or small vessels are damaged or blocked, the result is extreme decreased blood flow to certain parts of your body, causing severe pain, swelling, and loss of sensation. Peripheral vasculitis is a type of cosmetic surgery aimed at decreasing the symptoms of atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) in the extremities. In atherosclerosis, the arteries begin to form fissures, or cracks, that increase with age and/or with exposure to specific risk factors like obesity, tobacco use, increased alcohol consumption, high blood pressure, lack of physical activity, and aging. The treatments for these conditions usually involve widening the already narrow arteries by surgical procedures, medication treatments and hormonal treatments.
These treatments are normally combined to achieve more symptomatic improvement. Another common type of cosmetic surgery used to treat PAFD includes cardiomyopathy, or the medical term ischemia. With cardiomyopathy, there is a decreased blood supply to specific body parts, resulting in severe pain and other symptoms. These include leg pain, swelling, numbness, impaired movement, and deformity, along with abdominal pain, heart palpitations, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, and abnormal heart rhythms. One of the most effective treatments for these symptoms of peripheral artery disease is peripheral vascular surgery or bypassing the affected vessels with a balloon catheter and other devices. This bypass procedure is also sometimes accompanied by laser therapy.
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